Open Access Research

6/16/2021 – Physical Activity May Protect Against Breast & Prostate Cancer Risk – “Current research – Effect of Time of Day of Recreational and Household Physical Activity on Prostate and Breast Cancer Risk (MCC-Spain Study) – which appeared in the September 2020 issue of the International Journal of Cancer, said, “a recent meta‐analysis on breast cancer reported an approximate 20% reduction in risk associated with physical exercise for both premenopausal and postmenopausal women.” Weitzer J, Castaño-Vinyals G, Aragonés N, et al. Effect of time of day of recreational and household physical activity on prostate and breast cancer risk (MCC-Spain study). Int J Cancer. 2021;148(6):1360-1371. doi:10.1002/ijc.33310 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32976649/

6/10/2021 –  Preserving Muscle Mass & Strength in Elderly With Resistance Exercise Plus Creatine – The combined myopenic and dynapenic state is called sarcopenia, that according to research – Creatine Supplementation During Resistance Training in Older Adults –a Meta-Analysis, which appeared in 2014 in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, “is characterized by type II muscle fiber atrophy, myofiber necrosis, and myofiber type grouping, and increased intramuscular content of non-muscle tissue, such as intramyocellular lipid and connective tissue.” Devries MC, Phillips SM. Creatine supplementation during resistance training in older adults-a meta-analysis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2014;46(6):1194-1203. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000220  https://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Fulltext/2014/06000/Creatine_Supplementation_during_Resistance.16.aspx

6/8/2021 – Vitamin D and Lung Outcomes in Elderly COVID-19 Patients – “Vitamin D deficiency is frequently reported in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. The aim of this study was to correlate the 25OH-Vitamin D serum concentrations with clinical parameters of lung involvement, in elderly patients hospitalized for SARS-CoV-2 infection.” Sulli A, Gotelli E, Casabella A, et al. Vitamin D and Lung Outcomes in Elderly COVID-19 Patients. Nutrients. 2021;13(3):717. Published 2021 Feb 24. doi:10.3390/nu13030717

6/1/2021 – Age Gracefully: Combat Skin Aging with Your Diet – “According to Boosting the Photoaged Skin: The Potential Role of Dietary Components, which appeared in the May 2021 online issue of the journal Nutrients, “skin photoaging is caused by long-term exposure to ultraviolet (UV), and manifests as rough, dry, and sagging skin, deeper skin wrinkles, excessive skin pigmentation, or angiotelectasis, even leading to various benign or malignant tumors, such as solar keratosis, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma.”” Geng R, Kang SG, Huang K, Tong T. Boosting the Photoaged Skin: The Potential Role of Dietary Components. Nutrients. 2021;13(5):1691. Published 2021 May 16. doi:10.3390/nu13051691 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8156873/

6/1/2021 – (Free Download w/ Account) – Association Between Achieved ω-3 Fatty Acid Levels and Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With High Cardiovascular Risk: A Secondary Analysis of the STRENGTH Trial – “Key Points – Question:  In statin-treated patients at high cardiovascular risk with elevated triglyceride levels and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol treated with ω-3 fatty acids, are achieved levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) associated with cardiovascular outcomes? Findings:  In a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial studying a carboxylic acid formulation of ω-3 fatty acids, plasma levels of EPA and DHA were measured 12 months after randomization in 10 382 patients. There was no association between achieved or change in level of either ω-3 fatty acid and major adverse cardiovascular events.” Nissen SE, Lincoff AM, Wolski K, et al. Association Between Achieved ω-3 Fatty Acid Levels and Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With High Cardiovascular Risk: A Secondary Analysis of the STRENGTH Trial [published online ahead of print, 2021 May 16]. JAMA Cardiol. 2021;e211157. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2021.1157

5/27/2021 (Update) – The Ketogenic Diet Is More Than Just Weight-Loss – According to the Nutrients research – The Potential Health Benefits of the Ketogenic Diet: A Narrative review – “recent studies utilizing Low-carbohydrate, High-fat (LCHF) diets, such as the ketogenic diet, show promise in helping patients lose weight, reverse the signs of metabolic syndrome, reduce, or eliminate insulin requirements for type II diabetics, reduce inflammation, improve epigenetic profiles, alter the microbiome, improve lipid profiles, supplement cancer treatments, and potentially increase longevity and brain function.”” Dowis K, Banga S. The Potential Health Benefits of the Ketogenic Diet: A Narrative Review. Nutrients. 2021; 13(5):1654. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051654 https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/13/5/1654/htm

5/13/2021 – A Ketogenic Diet Has Benefits for Body Builders – New research – Effects of Two Months of Very Low Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet on Body composition, Muscle Strength, Muscle Area, and Blood Parameters in Competitive Body Builders – which appeared in the January 2021, online issue of the journal Nutrients, tested the outcome of a KD diet on nineteen, experienced, male body builders (BB) between the ages of 20 to 40, allocated to a KD diet and control group, who followed a western-type diet (WD). Paoli A, Cenci L, Pompei P, Sahin N, Bianco A, Neri M, Caprio M, Moro T. Effects of Two Months of Very Low Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet on Body Composition, Muscle Strength, Muscle Area, and Blood Parameters in Competitive Natural Body Builders. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):374. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020374 https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/13/2/374/htm

5/5/2021 – Maximum Wellness, Episode 97: Vitamin D Reduces Covid-19 Risk in an Aged Population – This study – “Relation Between Vitamin D and Covid-19 in Aged People: A Systematic Review” – which appeared in the April 2021 issue of the online, peer reviewed journal Nutrients, used 707 studies identified to assess adverse outcomes and the benefits of Vitamin D supplementation for people 60 years and older with Covid-19 exposure. Studies included data from aged patients on vitamin D use and Covid-19, while basic science articles, editorials, and correspondence was excluded from the analysis. Dramé M, Cofais C, Hentzien M, et al. Relation between Vitamin D and COVID-19 in Aged People: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2021;13(4):1339. Published 2021 Apr 17. doi:10.3390/nu13041339 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8073922/

4/30/2021 – (Abstract Only) Isolated Leucine and Branched-Chain Amino Acid Supplementation for Enhancing Muscular Strength and Hypertrophy: A Narrative Review – Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) are one of the most popular sports supplements, marketed under the premise that they enhance muscular adaptations. Despite their prevalent consumption among athletes and the general public, the efficacy of BCAA has been an ongoing source of controversy in the sports nutrition field. Early support for BCAA supplementation was derived from extrapolation of mechanistic data on their role in muscle protein metabolism. Of the three BCAA, leucine has received the most attention because of its ability to stimulate the initial acute anabolic response. However, a substantial body of both acute and longitudinal research has now accumulated on the topic, affording the ability to scrutinize the effects of BCAA and leucine from a practical standpoint. This article aims to critically review the current literature and draw evidence-based conclusions about the putative benefits of BCAA or leucine supplementation on muscle strength and hypertrophy as well as illuminate gaps in the literature that warrant future study. Plotkin DL, Delcastillo K, Van Every DW, Tipton KD, Aragon AA, Schoenfeld BJ. Isolated Leucine and Branched-Chain Amino Acid Supplementation for Enhancing Muscular Strength and Hypertrophy: A Narrative Review [published online ahead of print, 2021 Mar 18]. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2021;1-10. doi:10.1123/ijsnem.2020-0356

4/28/2021 – Maximum Wellness, Episode 96: Resistance Exercise Improves Post-Meal Glucose Levels in Prediabetic Men – According to research – a “Single Bout of Premeal Resistance Exercise Improves Postprandial Glucose Metabolism in Obese Men with Prediabetes” – which appeared in the April 2021 issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, the (2002) Diabetes Prevention Program Research Study demonstrated that lifestyle interventions, which targeted a 7% weight loss with 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity endurance exercise, “reduced the incidence of T2D by 58% and was significantly more effective than treatment with metformin alone in individuals with prediabetes.” Bittel AJ, Bittel DC, Mittendorfer B, et al. A Single Bout of Premeal Resistance Exercise Improves Postprandial Glucose Metabolism in Obese Men with Prediabetes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2021;53(4):694-703. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000002538 https://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Abstract/2021/04000/A_Single_Bout_of_Premeal_Resistance_Exercise.3.aspx
4/27/2021 – Vitamin D May Reduce Covid-19 Risk in an Aged Population – This study – Relation Between Vitamin D and Covid-19 in Aged People: A Systematic Review –  which appeared in the April 2021issue of the online, peer reviewed journal Nutrients, used 707 studies identified to assess adverse outcomes and the benefits of Vitamin D supplementation for people 60 years and older with Covid-19 exposure. Studies included data from aged patients on vitamin D use and Covid-19, while basic science articles, editorials, and correspondence was excluded from the analysis. Dramé M, Cofais C, Hentzien M, Proye E, Coulibaly PS, Demoustier-Tampère D, Destailleur M-H, Lotin M, Cantagrit E, Cebille A, Desprez A, Blondiau F, Kanagaratnam L, Godaert L. Relation between Vitamin D and COVID-19 in Aged People: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2021; 13(4):1339. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041339 https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/13/4/1339/htm

4/22/2021 – Maximum Wellness, Episode 95: Diet May Play a Part in Lower Testosterone in Men – In the February 2020 online issue of the Journal of Urology, a study – “The Association Between Popular Diets and Serum Testosterone Among Men in the United States” – concluded that, “men adhering to low fat diets had lower serum testosterone levels, even when controlling for comorbidities, age, body mass index, and activity levels.” Fantus RJ, Halpern JA, Chang C, et al. The Association between Popular Diets and Serum Testosterone among Men in the United States. J Urol. 2020;203(2):398-404. doi:10.1097/JU.0000000000000482 https://www.auajournals.org/doi/10.1097/JU.0000000000000482

4/14/2021 – Maximum Wellness, Episode 94: Collagen Peptides May Reduce Knee Injury Pain – According to research – “The Influence of Specific Bioactive Collagen Peptides on Knee Joint Discomfort in Young, Physically Active Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial” – which appeared in the February 2021 issue of the online journal Nutrients, “collagen type I and II are the most important structural and functional components of the extracellular matrix of tendons, ligaments and cartilage.” Zdzieblik, D., Brame, J., Oesser, S., Gollhofer, A., & König, D. (2021). The Influence of Specific Bioactive Collagen Peptides on Knee Joint Discomfort in Young Physically Active Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients, 13(2), 523. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020523  https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/13/2/523

3/31/2021 – Maximum Wellness, Episode 92: L-Glutamine May Reduce the Severity of Covid-19 in Hospital Patients – According to research – Effect of Oral L-Glutamine Supplementation on Covid-19 Treatment, which appeared in the July 2020, open science journal Clinical Nutrition Experimental – researchers from Biruni University Faculty of Medicine in Afghanistan – conclude that, “adding enteral L-Glutamine to the normal nutrition in the early period of Covid-19 infection, may lead to a shortened hospital stay and lead to less need for ICU.” Cengiz M, Borku Uysal B, Ikitimur H, et al. Effect of oral l-Glutamine supplementation on Covid-19 treatment. Clin Nutr Exp. 2020;33:24-31. doi:10.1016/j.yclnex.2020.07.003 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7387270/

3/23/2021Maximum Wellness, Episode 91: Essential Amino Acids Support Muscle Protein Synthesis – “According to “Essential Amino Acids and Protein Synthesis: Insights into Maximizing the Muscle and Whole-Body Response to Feeding,” which appeared in the December 2020 issue of the online, peer-reviewed journal Nutrients, “intracellular amino acid recycling is not 100% efficient.” MPB can exceed MPS in the post-absorptive state, resulting in a net loss of muscle protein.” Church DD, Hirsch KR, Park S, et al. Essential Amino Acids and Protein Synthesis: Insights into Maximizing the Muscle and Whole-Body Response to Feeding. Nutrients. 2020;12(12):3717. Published 2020 Dec 2. doi:10.3390/nu12123717 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7760188/

3/10/2021African Americans with Low Vitamin D Status Have Increased Covid-19 Risk– “African Americans have higher incidence of, and mortality from, many health-related problems than European Americans. They also have a 15 to 20-fold higher prevalence of severe vitamin D deficiency.” Ames BN, Grant WB, Willett WC. Does the High Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in African Americans Contribute to Health Disparities? Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):499. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020499 https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/13/2/499/htm

3/8/2021Greater Loss of Central Adiposity from Low-Carbohydrate versus Low-Fat Diet in Middle-Aged Adults with Overweight and Obesity – “The objective of this study is to determine whether middle-aged adults prescribed a low carbohydrate-high fat (LCHF) or low fat (LF) diet would have greater loss of central fat and to determine whether the insulin resistance (IR) affects intervention response.”  Garr Barry V, Stewart M, Soleymani T, Desmond RA, Goss AM, Gower BA. Greater Loss of Central Adiposity from Low-Carbohydrate versus Low-Fat Diet in Middle-Aged Adults with Overweight and Obesity. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):475. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020475

3/8/2021Micronutrients, Phytochemicals and Mediterranean Diet: A Potential Protective Role against COVID-19 through Modulation of PAF Actions and Metabolism – The new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an emerging situation with high rates of morbidity and mortality, in the pathophysiology of which inflammation and thrombosis are implicated. The disease is directly connected to the nutritional status of patients and a well-balanced diet is recommended by official sources.” Detopoulou P, Demopoulos CA, Antonopoulou S. Micronutrients, Phytochemicals and Mediterranean Diet: A Potential Protective Role against COVID-19 through Modulation of PAF Actions and Metabolism. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):462. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020462

3/8/2021Magnesium in Aging, Health and Diseases – “Several changes of magnesium (Mg) metabolism have been reported with aging, including diminished Mg intake, impaired intestinal Mg absorption and renal Mg wasting. Mild Mg deficits are generally asymptomatic and clinical signs are usually non-specific or absent.” Barbagallo M, Veronese N, Dominguez LJ. Magnesium in Aging, Health and Diseases. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):463. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020463

3/8/2021Collagen Peptides Reduce Pain Associated with Knee Injury – “Once tissue or a joint is damaged, inflammation, a normal reaction to trauma, is initiated, which can be associated with pain. “Regardless of whether muscles, tendons or cartilage tissue are affected, the cause is a disproportion between load and load tolerance of the tissue,” as noted in the Nutrient’s paper.” Zdzieblik D, Brame J, Oesser S, Gollhofer A, König D. The Influence of Specific Bioactive Collagen Peptides on Knee Joint Discomfort in Young Physically Active Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):523. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020523 https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/13/2/523

3/6/2021Magnesium in Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, and Type 2 Diabetes – “Magnesium (Mg2+) deficiency is probably the most underestimated electrolyte imbalance in Western countries. It is frequent in obese patients, subjects with type-2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome, both in adulthood and in childhood. This narrative review aims to offer insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms linking Mg2+ deficiency with obesity and the risk of developing metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Literature highlights critical issues about the treatment of Mg2+ deficiency, such as the lack of a clear definition of Mg2+ nutritional status, the use of different Mg2+” Piuri G, Zocchi M, Della Porta M, Ficara V, Manoni M, Zuccotti GV, Pinotti L, Maier JA, Cazzola R. Magnesium in Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, and Type 2 Diabetes. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):320. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020320

3/3/20218500 Daily steps reduce a high-fat meal risk to cardiovascular disease – “According to “Clinical Relevance of Non-Fasting and Postprandial Hypertriglyceridemia and Remnant Cholesterol,” which appeared in 2011 on PubMed.gov, “non-fasting triglycerides are measured at any time within up to 8 hours, after any normal meal, while postprandial triglycerides are measured at a fixed time point within up to 8 hours of a standardized fat tolerance test.”” Nordestgaard BG, Freiberg JJ. Clinical relevance of non-fasting and postprandial hypertriglyceridemia and remnant cholesterol. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2011;9(3):281-286. doi:10.2174/157016111795495585 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21314630/

2/24/2021Maximum Wellness, Episode 87: Maximizing Recovery from Training & Competition – “In a study – “Co-Ingestion of Carbohydrate and Protein on Muscle Glycogen Synthesis After Exercise: A Meta-Analysis” – which was reported in the February 2021 issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, researchers from the Military Nutrition Division, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine in Massachusetts, and the Oak Ridge Institute of Science and Education, in Tennessee, the primary objective was, “to aggregate results from multiple studies to characterize the effects of CHO-PRO on glycogen synthesis, during recovery from exercise compared with CHO alone.”” Margolis LM, Allen JT, Hatch-McChesney A, Pasiakos SM. Coingestion of Carbohydrate and Protein on Muscle Glycogen Synthesis after Exercise: A Meta-analysis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2021;53(2):384-393. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000002476 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7803445/

2/18/2021High Intensity Interval Exercise VS Moderate Intensity, Continuous Training –  “Writing in the March 2021 issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise – Effectiveness of HIIE versus MICT in Improving Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Health and Disease: a Meta-Analysis – researchers from the Sports Medicine Department, Clinical Epidemiology and Applied Biometrics Department, and the Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy Department, University Hospital of Tubingen in Germany, used a meta-analysis (many similar studies) to investigate the clinical benefits distinguishing each exercise modality (HIIE and MICT) in health and disease.” MATTIONI MATURANA, FELIPE1; MARTUS, PETER2; ZIPFEL, STEPHAN3; NIEß, ANDREAS M.1 Effectiveness of HIIE versus MICT in Improving Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Health and Disease: A Meta-analysis, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: March 2021 – Volume 53 – Issue 3 – p 559-573
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002506
Effectiveness of HIIE versus MICT in Improving Cardiometabol… : Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise (lww.com)

2/17/2021Maximum Wellness, Episode 86: Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Update – “According to “An Update on Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Health”, which appeared in the January 2021 online, peer-reviewed journal Nutrients, “TG levels are a historically well-studied, independent risk factor for CHD. Ω-3 (omega-3) or fish oil diet supplementation is evidenced to lower TG levels in a dose-dependent fashion, whereby 3–4 g/day of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), or a combined EPA and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) reduces blood levels by 20–50% in those with high TG’s.”” Elagizi A, Lavie CJ, O’Keefe E, Marshall K, O’Keefe JH, Milani RV. An Update on Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Health. Nutrients. 2021;13(1):204. Published 2021 Jan 12. doi:10.3390/nu13010204 An Update on Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Health (nih.gov)

2/16/2021L-Gutamine May Reduce the Severity of Covid-19 “According to research – Effect of Oral L-Glutamine Supplementation on Covid-19 Treatment, which appeared in the July 2020, open science journal Clinical Nutrition Experimental – researchers from Biruni University Faculty of Medicine in Afghanistan – conclude that, “adding enteral L-Glutamine to the normal nutrition in the early period of Covid-19 infection may lead to a shortened hospital stay and lead to less need for ICU.”” https://www.clinicalnutritionopenscience.com/article/S2352-9393(20)30016-6/fulltext

2/9/2021Time-Restricted Eating Offers Many Beneficial Health Effects – “According to Food Timing, Circadian Rhythm and Chrononutrition: A Systematic review of Time-Restricted Eating’s Effects on Human Health, which appeared in the December 2020 issue of the online, peer-reviewed journal Nutrients , “a recent systematic review and meta-analysis of 19 studies showed that TRE leads to weight loss and a reduction in fat mass with a preservation of fat-free mass and also has beneficials effects on cardiometabolic parameters such as blood pressure, fasting glucose concentration and cholesterol profiles.”” Adafer R, Messaadi W, Meddahi M, Patey A, Haderbache A, Bayen S, Messaadi N. Food Timing, Circadian Rhythm and Chrononutrition: A Systematic Review of Time-Restricted Eating’s Effects on Human Health. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3770. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123770  https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/12/3770

2/9/2021Controlling Your Stress and Your Magnesium Intake – “According to research – Magnesium Status and Stress: The Vicious Circle Concept Revisited – which appeared in the January 2021 issue of the online, peer-reviewed journal Nutrients, “magnesium is a naturally occurring calcium channel blocker, is involved in the maintenance of electrolyte balance (e.g., regulation of sodium–potassium ATPase activity), and plays a key role in membrane excitability.”” Pickering G, Mazur A, Trousselard M, Bienkowski P, Yaltsewa N, Amessou M, Noah L, Pouteau E. Magnesium Status and Stress: The Vicious Circle Concept Revisited. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3672. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123672 https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/12/3672

2/8/2021Should You Eat Before Endurance Exercise? – “Researchers at the Sports Performance Research Institute and the Auckland University of Technology in New Zealand comment in, What Should I Eat Before Exercise? Pre-Exercise Nutrition and Response to Endurance Exercise: Current Prospective and Future directions, which appeared in November 2020 issue of the journal Nutrients, that, “despite being relevant to anyone performing exercise, many questions relating to the effects of nutritional intake on endurance training responses and adaptations remain unanswered.”” Rothschild JA, Kilding AE, Plews DJ. What Should I Eat before Exercise? Pre-Exercise Nutrition and the Response to Endurance Exercise: Current Prospective and Future Directions. Nutrients. 2020;12(11):3473. Published 2020 Nov 12. doi:10.3390/nu12113473 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7696145/

12/29/2020You are as Young as You’re Metabolically Active – “The Importance of Fatty Acids as Nutrients During Post-Exercise Recovery, which appeared in the March online issue of the journal Nutrients, “the peak in circulating FA concentration in the immediate recovery (first hour post-exercise) period following submaximal exercise hcas been suggested to be due to a delayed spill-over effect from the increased adipose tissue lipolysis (fatty acid breakdown) induced during exercise.”” Lundsgaard AM, Fritzen AM, Kiens B. The Importance of Fatty Acids as Nutrients during Post-Exercise Recovery. Nutrients. 2020;12(2):280. Published 2020 Jan 21. doi:10.3390/nu12020280 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070550/

2/1/2020Vitamins and Minerals to Improve Adolescent Fitness – The study, originally featured in the Journal of Applied Physiology and described in Life Extension online, says that adolescents performed better on fitness exercise tests when they had higher amounts of vitamins and minerals in the blood. The researchers from the University of Zaragozo in Spain, https://www.lifeextension.com/newsletter/2012/8/increased-levels-of-vitamins-and-iron-linked-with-better-physical-fitness-during-adolescence

12/18/2020Vitamin D Status and its Association with COVID-19 Severity – “Researchers from the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Germany, report in the September issue of the online, peer-reviewed journal Nutrients, an association between vitamin D deficiency and the severity/mortality of COVID-19 – which, they say, highlights the need for interventional studies on vitamin D supplementation in SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals.” Radujkovic A, Hippchen T, Tiwari-Heckler S, Dreher S, Boxberger M, Merle U. Vitamin D Deficiency and Outcome of COVID-19 Patients. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2757. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092757 https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/9/2757

1/8/2021Vitamin D & Calcium: Fighting Gestational Diabetes – “A new study out of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in Iran reports that the combination of vitamin D and calcium may help combat the problem. Their research study looked at 56 pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus” Asemi Z, Karamali M, Esmaillzadeh A. Effects of calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycaemic control, inflammation and oxidative stress in gestational diabetes: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Diabetologia. 2014;57(9):1798-1806. doi:10.1007/s00125-014-3293-x https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24962666/

2/1/2020Top Five Ways To Remove Stress From Your Life – According to a new report from the Harvard Health Publication, however, ways to cut stress from your life are within your control. The report describes how studies indicate a direct link between stress and heart disease and stroke. https://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/best-ways-to-manage-stress

2/1/2020Top Five Ways to Prolong Your Life – “Today we will be looking at a study from the CDC and discussing five tips to potentially prolong your life. The Centers for Disease Control has discussed if an adherence to certain behaviors could lead to a decline in deaths from cardiovascular disease. To measure this they used participants from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey containing 44,959 participants. The study examined them from 1988-1994, 1999-2004 and 2005-2010.” Ford ES, Zhao G, Tsai J, Li C. Low-risk lifestyle behaviors and all-cause mortality: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III Mortality Study. Am J Public Health. 2011;101(10):1922-1929. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2011.300167 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21852630/

2/1/2020Top Five Tips To Manage Diabetes – A study released in The Journal of Biological Chemistry and reported on at LifeExtension.com discussed how researchers out of Washington University in St. Louis wanted to test the effect of vitamin D and its role in decreasing atherosclerosis, or the hardening of the arteries, in patients with type 2 diabetes.  https://www.lifeextension.com/magazine/2018/3/reduce-risk-of-arterial-stiffness

2/1/2020Top Five Tips for Protecting Young Athletes – The author cites a study from the American Academy of Pediatrics that reports a steadily increasing trend in A.C.L. and meniscus tears in adolescent athletes and even those under 10 years old. https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/139/3/e20161877.full.pdf

2/1/2020Top Five Reasons People Exercise – The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that aerobic exercise should be between three-to-five times per week. Depending on intensity of the workout, each session should last between 20 to 60 https://www.acsm.org/read-research/trending-topics-resource-pages/physical-activity-guidelines

2/1/2020Top Five Nutrients For A Healthy Brain – “We read a great article in the New York Times that reviewed a clinical study on brain function in the older population. The outcome of the study reaffirmed that nutrition plays an extremely important role in how the body functions as a whole. The author reports that the study will be featured in the January 24 issue of Neurology. The study was conducted by Gene Bowman” Bowman GL, Silbert LC, Howieson D, et al. Nutrient biomarker patterns, cognitive function, and MRI measures of brain aging. Neurology. 2012;78(4):241-249.doi:10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182436598 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3280054/

2/1/2020Top Five Health Benefits of Olives – An article that appeared this month on Life Extension featured olives in one of their health reports. As they reported, the top five health benefits of olives https://www.lifeextension.com/magazine/2013/6/unexpected-benefits-of-olive-leaf-extract

2/1/2020Top Five Foods for Vitamins B1 and B6 – A really interesting study was highlighted on Life Extension online that discussed the possible link between vitamins B1 and B6 and a lower risk of dying. The study was from the Taiwan National Health Research Institutes and Monash University in Australia. https://www.lifeextension.com/newsletter/2012/8/higher-vitamin-b1-and-b6-status-linked-with-lower-risk-of-dying-over-eight-year-period

2/1/2020Top Five Foods Containing Lycopene – study released from the medical journal Neurology and featured on Life Extension suggests that lycopene may reduce the risk of stroke, especially for middle-aged men. This could be an extremely helpful study not only for reducing stroke risk, but also important for your overall health. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23045517/

2/1/2020Top Five Foods Containing Choline – A fascinating study featured in Life Extension could be very important to expecting mothers. Researchers at Cornell University wanted to see the effects of increased levels of choline on the babies of expectant mothers. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6722688/

2/1/2020Top Five Food Sources of Vitamin D – A study in the American Heart Association’s journal Stroke, and reported online at LifeExtension, showed that Vitamin D may be more Important than first thought in fighting strokes. https://www.lifeextension.com/protocols/heart-circulatory/atherosclerosis-and-cardiovascular-disease

2/1/2020Top Five Food Sources For Calcium  – “The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition concluded that there is no clinical link between calcium intake and heart disease. Researchers with the Farmingham Offspring Study included 588 men and 690 women who were evaluated for calcium intake through” Samelson EJ, Booth SL, Fox CS, et al. Calcium intake is not associated with increased coronary artery calcification: the Framingham Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;96(6):1274-1280. doi:10.3945/ajcn.112.044230 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3497924/

1/14/2021The Rehabilitation Process and Nutrition’s Major Role – According to Nutritional Considerations and Strategies to Facilitate Injury Recovery and Rehabilitation, which appeared in the September 2020 issue of the Journal of Athletic Training, “once an injury is sustained, a cascade of inflammatory, immune, and metabolic responses is activated, resulting in a hypermetabolic state. To support this hypermetabolic state and the injury-healing process, significant macro- and micronutrient support is required.” https://meridian.allenpress.com/jat/article/55/9/918/444137/Nutritional-Considerations-and-Strategies-to

1/20/2021 Maximum Wellness, Episode 82: Targeting the Optimum Fat Burning Heart Rate Training Range – According to research – “Fat Oxidation Rate As a Function of Plasma Lipid and Hormone Response in Endurance Athletes” – which appeared in the January 2020 issue of theJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research” Soria M, Ansón M, Lou-Bonafonte JM, Andrés-Otero MJ, Puente JJ, Escanero J. Fat Oxidation Rate as a Function of Plasma Lipid and Hormone Response in Endurance Athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2020;34(1):104-113. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003034 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30707143/

12/18/2020Research Confirms Optimum Vitamin D Blood Values – “According to research from the Vitamin D, Skin, and Bone Laboratory, Section Endocrinology, Diabetes, Nutrition, and Weight Management, Boston University School of Medicine, and the Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok.” Charoenngam N, Holick MF. Immunologic Effects of Vitamin D on Human Health and Disease. Nutrients. 2020; 12(7):2097. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072097 https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/7/2097

1/8/2021Protein Sources for Athletic Performance – based the 2014 research of Helms/Aragon & Fitschen. In the April 2015 edition of the Strength and Conditioning Journal (National Strength & Conditioning Association), a research paper – “Protein Applications in https://jissn.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1550-2783-11-20

1/8/2021Omega 3s versus Obesity and Insulin Resistance – Fatty Acids Alleviate Adipose Tissue Inflammation and Insulin Resistance: Mechanistic Insights” – which appeared in Advances in Nutrition in July of 2011. https://academic.oup.com/advances/article/2/4/304/4591498

1/8/2021Magnesium Intake and its Associations with Diabetes – “The Journal of Human Nutrition & Food Science concluded through a study that there appears to be “an association between higher magnesium intake and improved diabetes outcomes and metabolic.”” Barbagallo M, Dominguez LJ. Magnesium and type 2 diabetes. World J Diabetes. 2015;6(10):1152-1157. doi:10.4239/wjd.v6.i10.1152 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4549665/

1/8/2021Higher Protein Intake Improves Cardiometabolic Risk – According to a research paper published in the Journal of Nutritional, “Diets that promote protein intake above the RDA [0.8 g/kg body weight (BW)] are extremely popular. https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2016/FO/C5FO01530H#!divAbstract

1/8/2021Go Farther and Harder with Caffeine – In an April 2013 study published by the American College of Sports Medicine, researchers took 10 highly trained male cross-country skiers and had them perform both a placebo and caffeine trial run using a randomized, double-blind, crossover design. https://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Fulltext/2013/11000/Caffeine_Increases_Performance_in_Cross_country.20.aspx

1/8/2021Fruits and Vegetables May Lead to Healthier Arteries – The study, authored by Minneapolis Heart Institute cardiologist Dr. Michael Miedema and featured on Life Extension online, followed the fruit and vegetable consumption of women in the 20’s for https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.012562?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori%3Arid%3Acrossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub++0pubmed&

12/29/2020Fish Oil Lowers Cardiovascular Disease Risk  – Medscape.com reported in March 2020 that researchers from the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University in China, determined that, “habitual fish oil supplementation was associated with a 13% lower risk for all-cause https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/926684

12/18/2020COVID-19: Prioritizing a Nutrient Based Immune Defense – “According to Inadequacy of Immune Health Nutrients: Intakes in US Adults, the 2005 – 2006 NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys) – which appeared in the August issue of the online, peer-reviewed journal Nutrients” Reider CA, Chung RY, Devarshi PP, Grant RW, Hazels Mitmesser S. Inadequacy of Immune Health Nutrients: Intakes in US Adults, the 2005-2016 NHANES. Nutrients. 2020;12(6):1735. Published 2020 Jun 10. doi:10.3390/nu12061735 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7352522/

12/18/2020COVID-19: Immune Support Update 2 – 19, Thailand Medical News recently reported that, “a new research study by researchers from Wenzhou Medical University in Zhejiang province lead by Dr. Don Chen https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.02.27.20028530v1.full-text

1/6/2021Causes & Risk to Sports-Related Injuries – “According to the Journal of Sport and Health Science, hamstring strains are one of the most common sports injuries.” Ernlund L, Vieira LA. Hamstring injuries: update article. Rev Bras Ortop. 2017;52(4):373-382. Published 2017 Aug 1. doi:10.1016/j.rboe.2017.05.005  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5582808/

7/6/2020Can Sleep Durations Affect Mortality? – “According to Association of Longitudinal Patterns of Habitual Sleep Duration with Risk of Cardiovascular Events and All-Cause Mortality, which appeared on JAMA Network Open in April of 2020,” Wang YH, Wang J, Chen SH, et al. Association of Longitudinal Patterns of Habitual Sleep Duration With Risk of Cardiovascular Events and All-Cause Mortality. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(5):e205246. Published 2020 May 1. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5246 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32442289/