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Nutrition Topics Nutrition ProductsRecipesVitamins & MineralsWeight Management Latest in Nutrition WEB SERIES Maximum Wellness Workout Wednesday LATEST IN WEB SERIES Shop SHOP At Home Lab Tests Bars & Drinks Bundle & Save CBD Diet & Weight Management Essential Oils & Aromatherapy Fitness Accessories Immunity & Wellness Joints Support & Omegas Men's Health On Sale Products Performance & Recovery Probiotics & Digestion Protein Superfoods & Plant Based Targeted Health Women's Health LATEST PRODUCTS Fitness Fitness Topics Performance Recovery Fitness Essential Amino Acids Support Muscle Protein Synthesis Fitness Maximizing Recovery After Training & Competition Fitness The Keto Diet Plan May Benefit Body Builders Fitness High Intensity Interval Exercise VS Moderate Intensity, Continuous Training Health & Wellness Top Five Tips to Avoid Training too Much Fitness Vitamins and Minerals to Improve Adolescent Fitness Latest in Fitness Health & Wellness Health & Wellness Topics Health & Wellness Products Immunity Men's Health Women's Health Health & Wellness Nutritional Factors May Modify Risk to Covid-19 Health & Wellness COVID-19: Vitamin D May Modulate Risk & Severity Health & Wellness Fish Oil Lowers Cardiovascular Disease Risk Health & Wellness Teenagers Top Five Foods for Success Health & Wellness Research Confirms Optimum Vitamin D Blood Values Vitamins & Minerals Are Multivitamins Right for You? Latest in Health & Wellness Nutrition Nutrition Topics Nutrition Products Recipes Vitamins & Minerals Weight Management Nutrition Top Five Foods to Fight Inflammation Recipes High Protein Blue Berry Pancakes Nutrition The Top Five Healthy Foods for Women High Protein Recipes Egg & Turkey Stuffed Peppers Low Carb Recipes Hearty Breakfast Sausage Nutrition Are Cleansing Supplements Right for You? Latest in Nutrition WEB SERIES WEB SERIESpodcastsMaximum Wellness podcastsWorkout Wednesday LATEST IN WEB SERIES Maximum Wellness Maximum Wellness, Episode 38: Vitamins That Support Lung Function Date March 18, 2020 On March 13th, the Wall Street Journal published a Special Report, “Navigating the Coronavirus,” which provided background information explaining what the coronavirus is, it’s origin, and symptoms. Seven strains, notes the Journal, are known to infect humans—through the respiratory (breathing) tract—specifically the lower respiratory tract. Four of the corona strains cause common colds, while two strains are considered quite severe human infections—causing acute respiratory syndrome (MERS). The current virus—Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (coronavirus 2)—causes the disease COVID-19 (for a 2019 origin). The virus presents initially with a fever, shortness of breath, and potential complications with pneumonia. It may also cause fatigue, sore throat, headache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Some individuals have only a mild illness for several days, then deteriorate to pneumonia, while others, who are infected, don’t get ill. Proper hygiene—washing hands regularly, social distancing, and following all of the prevention strategies presented by the Centers for Disease Control is critical. When in doubt, turn to your healthcare provider for guidance. Building a strong immune system to keep your respiratory tract in top form is something anyone can do to take ownership of their health. Here are four vitamins demonstrated to assist proper lung function. Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, status depends on age, sunlight exposure, and consumption of foods like fortified dairy products and salmon. The National Institutes of Health suggests a daily intake in a range of 600 to 800 international units (IU)—age specific. A Vitamin D blood test may significantly alter that range. The Busselton Healthy Ageing Study, which involved 5,000 subjects, determined that, “low levels of serum 25OH-D (measured in the blood) were independently associated with asthma, bronchitis, wheeze and chest tightness, after three levels of adjustment for potential confounders. Higher Vitamin D levels were associated with higher levels of lung function.” Vitamin A, a fat-soluble vitamin found in many vegetables like carrots, sweet potatoes, and spinach, “plays a substantial role, especially in the respiratory epithelium and the lung. During moderate vitamin-A-deficiency, the incidence for diseases of the respiratory tract is considerably increased and repeated respiratory infections can be influenced therapeutically by a moderate vitamin-A-supplementation,” according to a 2003 study—Importance of Vitamin A for Lung Function—authored by researchers at the Department of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition at the University of Hohenheim in Germany. Mayoclinic.org notes the adult Vitamin A recommended daily allowance to be 3,000ius for men and 2300ius for women (not pregnant). Vitamin C, found in strawberries, oranges, and tomatoes, is best known for its immune modulating effect and collagen support. A 2014 study in the journal Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology said, Vitamin C supports lung function and reduces exercise induced respiratory symptoms significantly. The Mayo Clinic says the, “(adult) recommended daily amount for Vitamin C is 65 to 90 milligrams (mg) a day, and the upper limit is 2,000 mg.” Increased stress on the body may adjust that requirement accordingly. Vitamin E, also a fat-soluble vitamin found vegetable oils, avocado, nuts, spinach, and whole grains, reduces inflammation, according to a 2017 study that appeared in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin E is 15 milligrams (or 22.4 International Units, or IU) for people over age 14, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). You start with a balanced eating plan and support it with a good multi-vitamin / mineral formula. Add a dose of aerobic exercise to the plan. Go to mackieshilstone.com for more wellness information and sign up fore my free, weekly Mackie Mail wellness updates.