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Nutrition Topics Nutrition ProductsRecipesVitamins & MineralsWeight Management Latest in Nutrition WEB SERIES Maximum Wellness Workout Wednesday LATEST IN WEB SERIES Shop SHOP Bars & Drinks Bundle & Save CBD Diet & Energy Essential Oils Fitness Accessories Joints Support & Omegas Lab Tests Men's Health On Sale Products Performance Probiotics & Digestion Protein Superfoods & Plant Based Targeted Health Training Programs Vitamins & Minerals Women's Health LATEST PRODUCTS Fitness Fitness Topics Performance Recovery Fitness Essential Amino Acids Support Muscle Protein Synthesis Fitness Maximizing Recovery After Training & Competition Fitness The Keto Diet Plan May Benefit Body Builders Fitness High Intensity Interval Exercise VS Moderate Intensity, Continuous Training Health & Wellness Top Five Tips to Avoid Training too Much Fitness Vitamins and Minerals to Improve Adolescent Fitness Latest in Fitness Health & Wellness Health & Wellness Topics Health & Wellness Products Immunity Men's Health Women's Health Health & Wellness Nutritional Factors May Modify Risk to Covid-19 Health & Wellness COVID-19: Vitamin D May Modulate Risk & Severity Health & Wellness Fish Oil Lowers Cardiovascular Disease Risk Health & Wellness Teenagers Top Five Foods for Success Health & Wellness Research Confirms Optimum Vitamin D Blood Values Vitamins & Minerals Are Multivitamins Right for You? Latest in Health & Wellness Nutrition Nutrition Topics Nutrition Products Recipes Vitamins & Minerals Weight Management Nutrition Top Five Foods to Fight Inflammation Recipes High Protein Blue Berry Pancakes Nutrition The Top Five Healthy Foods for Women High Protein Recipes Egg & Turkey Stuffed Peppers Low Carb Recipes Hearty Breakfast Sausage Nutrition Are Cleansing Supplements Right for You? Latest in Nutrition WEB SERIES WEB SERIESpodcastsMaximum Wellness podcastsWorkout Wednesday LATEST IN WEB SERIES Maximum Wellness Maximum Wellness, Episode 50: Short and Long-Term Sleep Patterns Can Affect Mortality Date June 10, 2020 As we age, especially over 65, our habitual sleep duration changes— emphasizing a potentially shorter duration that has been associated with increased risk to obesity and hypertension— irrespective of sleep apnea (stop breathing) interruptions. According to Association of Longitudinal Patterns of Habitual Sleep Duration with Risk of Cardiovascular Events and All-Cause Mortality, which appeared on JAMA Network Open in April of 2020, “a laboratory study suggested that a repeating pattern of insufficient sleep may lead to long-term metabolic changes that cannot be effectively mitigated by weekend recovery sleep.” These findings, comment the Chinese study authors, “highlight the importance of examining the effect of long-term patterns of sleep duration beyond single or mean measures, which fail to consider the effect of change in sleep duration over time.” Chinese researchers sought to look at the direction of long-term versus single-measure sleep duration’s effect on cardiovascular events (CVE’s) and all-cause mortality – by using the Kailuan study population of 52,599 Chinese adults without atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, stroke, or cancer – between 2006 to 2010 – with risk of CVEs and all-cause mortality from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2017. Study participants completed a face-to-face questionnaire survey, which highlighted demographic characteristics, medical comorbidity, medical history, medication use, and lifestyle factors – including measures of sleep, clinical examinations, and laboratory tests. Participants were then followed up biennially to update the data— with outcome events recorded annually until death or December 31, 2017, whichever came first. The study data suggested that, “trajectories in sleep duration were significantly associated with the risk of the first CVE’s and death, even after adjustment for a single measure of baseline sleep duration.” The authors note that conventional evidence supports that, “single measures of sleep duration were associated with adverse health outcomes.” Relative to the effects of short-term versus long-term sleep duration, “participants with short (less than 6 hours per night) and long (8 to less than 9 hours per night) sleep duration had adverse health outcomes, regardless of their earlier sleep patterns,” which led to the findings that, “trajectories of long-term sleep duration are associated with subsequent risk of CVE’s and death besides one-off measures closer to the time of events.” The Chinese researchers said that, “the better understanding of the effect and timing of change in sleep duration may help to identify populations with higher risk, who can then be targeted with interventions to promote cardiovascular health and healthy sleep.” In conclusion, “sleep duration trajectories with lower or unstable patterns were significantly associated with increased risk of subsequent first CVEs and all-cause mortality.” As was noted, much more research is needed to determine the appropriate quality and quantity of sleep, including napping, to add to our menu of healthy living criteria.