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Nutrition Topics Nutrition ProductsRecipesVitamins & MineralsWeight Management Latest in Nutrition WEB SERIES Maximum Wellness Workout Wednesday LATEST IN WEB SERIES Shop SHOP Bars & Drinks Bundle & Save CBD Diet & Energy Essential Oils Fitness Accessories Joints Support & Omegas Lab Tests Men's Health On Sale Products Performance Probiotics & Digestion Protein Superfoods & Plant Based Targeted Health Training Programs Vitamins & Minerals Women's Health LATEST PRODUCTS Fitness Fitness Topics Performance Recovery Fitness Essential Amino Acids Support Muscle Protein Synthesis Fitness Maximizing Recovery After Training & Competition Fitness The Keto Diet Plan May Benefit Body Builders Fitness High Intensity Interval Exercise VS Moderate Intensity, Continuous Training Health & Wellness Top Five Tips to Avoid Training too Much Fitness Vitamins and Minerals to Improve Adolescent Fitness Latest in Fitness Health & Wellness Health & Wellness Topics Health & Wellness Products Immunity Men's Health Women's Health Health & Wellness Nutritional Factors May Modify Risk to Covid-19 Health & Wellness COVID-19: Vitamin D May Modulate Risk & Severity Health & Wellness Fish Oil Lowers Cardiovascular Disease Risk Health & Wellness Teenagers Top Five Foods for Success Health & Wellness Research Confirms Optimum Vitamin D Blood Values Vitamins & Minerals Are Multivitamins Right for You? Latest in Health & Wellness Nutrition Nutrition Topics Nutrition Products Recipes Vitamins & Minerals Weight Management Nutrition Top Five Foods to Fight Inflammation Recipes High Protein Blue Berry Pancakes Nutrition The Top Five Healthy Foods for Women High Protein Recipes Egg & Turkey Stuffed Peppers Low Carb Recipes Hearty Breakfast Sausage Nutrition Are Cleansing Supplements Right for You? Latest in Nutrition WEB SERIES WEB SERIESpodcastsMaximum Wellness podcastsWorkout Wednesday LATEST IN WEB SERIES Maximum Wellness Maximum Wellness, Episode 57: Cardiorespiratory Fitness & Muscular Strength Reduce Risk of Arterial Stiffness Date July 29, 2020 In the Covid-19 world, research shows that being older—over 65—with hypertension—high blood pressure—increases the risk of complications associated with this SARS-2 virus. In addition to older age, another associated-risk of hypertension has to do with arterial stiffness (AS)—which represents a decrease in the compliance of large, central arteries. According to research—Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Muscular Strength on Arterial Stiffness in Older Adults—which appears in the August 2020 issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, “arterial stiffness is an emerging strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular disease.” In addition, “arterial stiffness also strengthens CVD (cardiovascular disease) risk prediction, when added to traditional risk factors, such as blood pressure, and may provide unique predictive insight that is undetected by traditional risk factors.” The study authors, from the Department of Kinesiology at Iowa State University, comment that higher levels of fitness—cardiorespiratory (CRF) and maximum strength (MS)–are associated with lower AS in older adults. Aerobic and resistance exercise have been shown to improve traditional CVD risk factors—along with numerous other conditions related to advanced vascular aging, such as AS. “Higher levels of CRF, which is often used to represent recent aerobic exercise participation, are consistently associated with reduced AS in populations generally predisposed to high AS, including older adults,” note the Iowa researchers. Yet, most of the research on the benefits of AS and MS have been performed on a younger study population. As such, the Iowa investigators sought to investigate the independent and combined associations of CRF and MS with AS in older adults -using data from the Physical Activity and Aging Study (PAAS)–an ongoing prospective, observational cohort study of older adults (497 men and women) at least 65 years of age. It was speculated that higher CRF would be associated with lower AS, independent of MS, while MS would be associated with lower AS, independent of CRF- with the combined association of CRF and MS being stronger than either CRF or MS alone. After appropriate exclusion criteria, 405 of the PAAS older adults–with a mean age between 66 to 78—were assessed over two visits with a medical history questionnaire, pulse wave velocity, mean arterial pressure, height, weight, body mass index, blood lipid panel, cardiorespiratory fitness—400-meter walking test, and strength—hand grip strength. It was determined that both CRF and MS were independently associated with reduced odds of having high AS in older adults. Additionally, “a joint analysis revealed that the relative contribution of CRF and MS appears to be similar, when directly comparing the “fit and weak” group with the “unfit and strong” group.” The research demonstrated that the “fit and strong” group showed the lowest incidence of having high AS–suggesting a possible additive benefit of being both fit and strong on AS. As noted, further research is necessary to gain a better understanding of how CRF and MS can reduce risk of age-associated health complications.