Shop At Home Lab Tests SHOP ALL → Bars & DrinksBars & SnacksElectrolyte DrinksEnergy DrinksProtein Drinks SHOP ALL → Bundle & Save SHOP ALL → CBD SHOP ALL → Diet & Weight ManagementBlood Sugar SupportThermogenicsWeight Management SHOP ALL → Essential Oils & Aromatherapy SHOP ALL → Fitness AccessoriesHeart Rate MonitorsPillowsWatch AccessoriesWatches SHOP ALL → Immunity & WellnessImmunityMineralsMultivitaminsVitamins SHOP ALL → Joints Support & OmegasFish OilJoints SupportPlant Based Omegas SHOP ALL → Men's HealthMen's Sexual HealthProstate SupportTestosterone Support SHOP ALL → On Sale ProductsFLASH SALEThis Week's Sale SHOP ALL → Performance & RecoveryNon-Stim Pre-WorkoutsPerformancePre-WorkoutsRecovery SHOP ALL → Probiotics & DigestionCleanse & DetoxDigestion SupportProbiotics SHOP ALL → ProteinPlant Based ProteinWhey Protein SHOP ALL → Superfoods & Plant BasedGreens MixesSuperfoodsVegan Products SHOP ALL → Targeted HealthBrain & Eye HealthHeart HealthLiver HealthStress & Sleep SHOP ALL → Women's HealthBone HealthHair, Skin, & NailsHormone SupportWomen's Sexual Health SHOP ALL → LATEST PRODUCTS Fitness FitnessEssential Amino Acids Support Muscle Protein Synthesis FitnessMaximizing Recovery After Training & Competition FitnessThe Keto Diet Plan May Benefit Body Builders FitnessHigh Intensity Interval Exercise VS Moderate Intensity, Continuous Training Health & WellnessTop Five Tips to Avoid Training too Much FitnessVitamins and Minerals to Improve Adolescent Fitness Fitness Topics PerformanceRecovery Latest in Fitness Health & Wellness Health & WellnessNutritional Factors May Modify Risk to Covid-19 Health & WellnessCOVID-19: Vitamin D May Modulate Risk & Severity Health & WellnessFish Oil Lowers Cardiovascular Disease Risk Health & WellnessTeenagers Top Five Foods for Success Health & WellnessResearch Confirms Optimum Vitamin D Blood Values Vitamins & MineralsAre Multivitamins Right for You? Health & Wellness Topics Health & Wellness ProductsImmunityMen's HealthWomen's Health Latest in Health & Wellness Nutrition NutritionTop Five Foods to Fight Inflammation RecipesHigh Protein Blue Berry Pancakes NutritionThe Top Five Healthy Foods for Women High Protein RecipesEgg & Turkey Stuffed Peppers Low Carb RecipesHearty Breakfast Sausage NutritionAre Cleansing Supplements Right for You? Nutrition Topics Nutrition ProductsRecipesVitamins & MineralsWeight Management Latest in Nutrition WEB SERIES Maximum Wellness Workout Wednesday LATEST IN WEB SERIES Shop SHOP At Home Lab Tests Bars & Drinks Bundle & Save CBD Diet & Weight Management Essential Oils & Aromatherapy Fitness Accessories Immunity & Wellness Joints Support & Omegas Men's Health On Sale Products Performance & Recovery Probiotics & Digestion Protein Superfoods & Plant Based Targeted Health Women's Health LATEST PRODUCTS Fitness Fitness Topics Performance Recovery Fitness Essential Amino Acids Support Muscle Protein Synthesis Fitness Maximizing Recovery After Training & Competition Fitness The Keto Diet Plan May Benefit Body Builders Fitness High Intensity Interval Exercise VS Moderate Intensity, Continuous Training Health & Wellness Top Five Tips to Avoid Training too Much Fitness Vitamins and Minerals to Improve Adolescent Fitness Latest in Fitness Health & Wellness Health & Wellness Topics Health & Wellness Products Immunity Men's Health Women's Health Health & Wellness Nutritional Factors May Modify Risk to Covid-19 Health & Wellness COVID-19: Vitamin D May Modulate Risk & Severity Health & Wellness Fish Oil Lowers Cardiovascular Disease Risk Health & Wellness Teenagers Top Five Foods for Success Health & Wellness Research Confirms Optimum Vitamin D Blood Values Vitamins & Minerals Are Multivitamins Right for You? Latest in Health & Wellness Nutrition Nutrition Topics Nutrition Products Recipes Vitamins & Minerals Weight Management Nutrition Top Five Foods to Fight Inflammation Recipes High Protein Blue Berry Pancakes Nutrition The Top Five Healthy Foods for Women High Protein Recipes Egg & Turkey Stuffed Peppers Low Carb Recipes Hearty Breakfast Sausage Nutrition Are Cleansing Supplements Right for You? Latest in Nutrition WEB SERIES WEB SERIESpodcastsMaximum Wellness podcastsWorkout Wednesday LATEST IN WEB SERIES Maximum Wellness Maximum Wellness, Episode 16: Excess Visceral Fat in Postmenopausal Women Increases Cause-Specific Mortality Date October 9, 2019 JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) Network Open reported in July 2019 that, “normal-weight central obesity in women was associated with excess risk of mortality, similar to that of women with BMI-defined obesity with central obesity.” The research study – the Association of Normal-Weight Central Obesity with All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality Among Postmenopausal Women – sought to determine how central (abdominal) obesity might be associated with mortality risk, based on other body phenotypes types. These findings, notes JAMA, “underscore the need for future public health guidelines to include the prevention and control of central obesity, even in individuals with normal BMI.” BMI (body mass index) – your weight in kilograms divided by your height in meters squared – “is the standard measure used to define obesity in clinical and public health guidelines.” However, BMI has an inherent limitation in that it does not distinguish body shape or body fat distribution. Researchers from University of Iowa, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, Kaiser Permanente, Northern California, Fred Hutchinson Cancer research Center, Seattle, Washington, University of California, San Diego, and numerous other institutions state that central obesity – visceral abdominal obesity – has been associated with a higher risk of death irrespective of BMI status. The ranges for BMI include normal weight at 18.5 to 24.9, overweight at 25 to 29.9, obese 30 or greater, while central obesity in females was defined as having a waist circumference (WC) equal to or greater than 88 centimeters (35 inches). The study – using the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) population from 40 clinical center in a randomized clinical trial or an observational study – recruited postmenopausal women (156,624) aged 50 to 79 from 1993 to 1998. At baseline, height, weight, WC, BMI, age, race/ethnicity, educational and activity level, smoking status, alcohol intake, total energy intake, overall diet quality, and past hormone usage, were assessed. Mortality status was obtained from death certificates, medical records, and the National Death Index for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Normal-weight, central obesity was, “associated with a higher risk of all-cause, cardiovascular disease, and cancer mortality compared with normal-weight without central obesity,” which caused the researches to comment that, “normal-, central obesity is an underrecognized, high-risk phenotype for mortality. It was concluded that, “our results highlight the inability of BMI alone to distinguish body shape or body fat distribution, the misclassification of risk because of adiposity that occurs when using BMI as a proxy for fat mass, and the importance of measuring central obesity even among people with normal weight.” Furthermore, “our results demonstrated that WC can be used in combination with BMI to better stratify patients for mortality risk.” Remember, you should always consult your physician before beginning any exercise, diet, or nutritional supplementation program.